Funding to create an extra 850 university postgraduate places every year has been announced.
The extra £30 million is said to be benefiting energy, financial and business services, food and drink, life sciences, tourism and creative industries.
The money, allocated by the Scottish Funding Council, will provide 850 places in each of the next five years across 18 universities.
Education Secretary Mike Russell said: "This significant investment, over £6.2 million in 2013-14 alone, is a further sign of our commitment to providing exceptional education that meets the demands of our industry and economy and gives our students unprecedented opportunities.
"Starting next year, hundreds more postgraduate students will be able to pursue their specialities in key economic areas such as the energy, life sciences, creative industries, construction and health.
"Scotland's highly skilled workforce is an important factor in attracting inward investment and boosting our indigenous industries."
The additional places will also provide opportunities for part-time study.
Mark Batho, chief executive of the Scottish Funding Council, said: "Scottish employers are increasingly looking to recruit people with postgraduate qualifications. This initiative responds positively to that demand.
"The additional places we are funding will provide students with greater opportunities for postgraduate study in Scotland and deliver courses that are directly relevant to the county's future economic needs."
The extra funding allocates 122 places at University of Glasgow, 85 at Strathclyde, 92 at Edinburgh and 71 at Aberdeen.